The program shown below is optimized for irrigated winter wheat and barley with a target yield of 150 bushels/acre. The specific implementation will vary based on the farm, field, and crop. As we work with you, we will help you create custom implementation plans built around your soil reports and your crop yield targets. We also have very effective natural, non-toxic products to address pathogen and insect protection, where needed.
Step 1: Soil tests to determine base nutritional levels.
We work with your existing soil nutrition plan, with insights and understanding to enhance and fine tune your applications for maximum effectiveness. The base levels of nutrition in the soil tell us what we will need to add in order to reach our yield targets.
Step 2: Establish crop yield targets.
Crops have specific nutritional needs. By establishing yield targets, we know what nutrients the plant needs and when they need to be applied. You can see a training video on our Plant Nutrient Calculator here.
To achieve the 150 bushels/acre yield targets, the plants will use the following amounts of the main 4 nutrients (N-P-K-S):
|Yield||150 bu/acre||Yield||150 bu/acre|
|Nitrogen (N)||338 lbs||Nitrogen (N)||225 lbs|
|Phosphorus (P)||105 lbs||Phosphorus (P)||83 lbs|
|Potassium (K)||300 lbs||Potassium (K)||225 lbs|
|Sulfur (S)||113 lbs||Sulfur (S)||90 lbs|
The nutritional needs by growth stage are shown in the charts below. As you plan your fertilizer applications, you just need to make sure the necessary nutrients are available to the plants when they need them, otherwise, you can lose yield. If you are applying dry or long-release fertilizers, you will need to apply early enough that there will be sufficient soluble nutrient in the soil when the plant is ready for it. For best results, we generally recommend split applications of liquid nutrients that can be stabilized to retain plant availability.
Step 3: Apply pre-planting fertilizer, if needed.
With Fall planting, there is generally limited pre-planting fertilizer applied. The only fertilizer applications made are in-furrow at planting with just the nutrients needed to get the seeds germinated and started. Do not apply excess nitrogen to the soil in the fall. The plants won't have time to use it and it will be gone by spring. Also, any dry phosphate applied in the fall will be tied up in the soil during the winter.
Step 4: Treat Seed with Bio Minerals Seed Treatment.
This is a critical step of the process that provides important biological supplements for the seed and soil along with nutrition essential for better germination.
Note: If you are planting Malt Barley, be sure to use our Seed Treatment without Azotobacter. Azotobacter fixes nitrogen and increased nitrogen pushes up protein, which is not good for malt barley.
Read more about our seed treatment and results here.
Step 5: Plant seed with liquid phosphate in-furrow (stabilized with Bio Release) and additional side-dressed fertilizers as needed.
Our stabilized phosphate methods are essential for early growth energy and root mass, providing a much better platform for later plant performance and enhanced yields. See examples of the results in this article. Nutrients are split-applied with Fall planting, injecting just what the plant needs prior to dormancy and then applying the rest in the Spring.
||No more than 10 units of Nitrogen in-furrow. Use liquid fertilizers for best results and stabilize phosphate and trace minerals with Bio Release for sustained availability|
||Don't apply any additional N to the soil as the plants won't use it in the Fall and it will be gone by Spring.|
Note: If you are applying elemental sulfur to meet your crop's Sulfur needs, you may want to apply it at planting to give it sufficient time to break down through the Winter and be available for the plants in the Spring.
Foliars and Fertility
Step 6: Apply Fall foliar for trace elements and/or special needs.
The Fall foliar application provides much-needed trace elements that help activate all the plant systems and produce the necessary compounds for successful dormancy and Spring emergence. It can also give an extra Nitrogen boost that is absorbed straight into the plant. Go to our Foliar section to learn more about our foliar technology and solutions.
2-3 gallons liquid N
|Mix in 15-20 gallons of water and apply at tillering, before plants go dormant. The additional N will be used by the plants prior to dormancy. The BioXtreme will help the plant emerge earlier and start growing, even with cooler temperatures.|
Step 7: Apply Spring foliar to boost early season growth.
The Spring foliar application provides much-needed nutrition as the plant emerges from dormancy and evaluates available nutrition for spring growth and potential yield.
2-3 gallons liquid N
|Mix in 15-20 gallons of water and apply as plants warm up and start growing for a quick boost. The Molybdenum helps the plants better utilize the available and applied nitrogen.|
Step 8: Apply Spring fertilizer to complete remaining nutritional needs.
Apply remaining fertilizer (N-P-K-S) as needed, based on the soil reports and yield targets. Fertilizer can be injected or broadcast, but all nutrition should be applied prior to stem elongation.
Step 9: After harvest, apply Microbial Mineral Tea to digest residue and prepare soils for next season.
The Microbial Mineral Tea reinforces the soil microbes and provides greater diversity to promote better residue decomposition as well as add more available nutrition to support the soil microbial populations through the winter season. The decomposed residue cycles nutrition that will then be available for the next crops and the increased microbial populations work to improve the health, texture, and performance of the soil. Learn more about our Microbial Mineral Tea here.