The program shown below is optimized for irrigated spring wheat and barley with a target yield of 150 bushels/acre. The specific implementation will vary based on the farm, field, and crop. As we work with you, we will help you create custom implementation plans built around your soil reports and your crop yield targets. We also have very effective natural tools to address pathogen and insect protection, where needed.
Step 1: Soil tests to determine base nutritional levels.
We work with your existing soil nutrition plan, with insights and understanding to enhance and fine tune your applications for maximum effectiveness. The base levels of nutrition in the soil tell us what we will need to add in order to reach our yield targets.
Step 2: Establish crop yield targets.
Crops have specific nutritional needs. By establishing yield targets, we know what nutrients the plant needs and when they need to be applied. You can see a training video on our Plant Nutrient Calculator here.
To achieve the 150 bushels/acre yield targets, the plants will use the following amounts of the main 4 nutrients (N-P-K-S):
|Yield||150 bu/acre||Yield||150 bu/acre|
|Nitrogen (N)||338 lbs||Nitrogen (N)||225 lbs|
|Phosphorus (P)||105 lbs||Phosphorus (P)||83 lbs|
|Potassium (K)||300 lbs||Potassium (K)||225 lbs|
|Sulfur (S)||113 lbs||Sulfur (S)||90 lbs|
The nutritional needs by growth stage are shown in the charts below. As you plan your fertilizer applications, you just need to make sure the necessary nutrients are available to the plants when they need them, otherwise, you can lose yield. If you are applying dry or long-release fertilizers, you will need to apply early enough that there will be sufficient soluble nutrient in the soil when the plant is ready for it. For best results, we generally recommend split applications of liquid nutrients that can be stabilized to retain plant availability.
Step 3: Apply pre-planting fertilizer, if needed.
For maximum utilization, it is best to use liquid fertilizer that is split applied through the growing season. This allows you to stabilize the nutrients for ongoing plant availability with minimal soil tie up. If you are applying dry fertilizer, be sure to allow sufficient time for it to break down and become available when the plants need it.
Step 4: Treat Seed with Bio Minerals Seed Treatment.
This is a critical step of the process that provides important biological supplements for the seed and soil along with nutrition essential for better germination.
Note: If you are planting Malt Barley, be sure to use our Seed Treatment without Azotobacter. Azotobacter fixes nitrogen and increased nitrogen pushes up protein, which is not good for malt barley.
Read more about our seed treatment and results here.
Step 5: Plant seed with liquid phosphate in-furrow (stabilized with Bio Release) and additional side-dressed fertilizers as needed.
Our stabilized phosphate methods are essential for early growth energy and root mass, providing a much better platform for later plant performance and enhanced yields. See examples of the results in this article.
||No more than 10 units of Nitrogen in-furrow. Use liquid fertilizers for best results and stabilize phosphate and trace minerals with Bio Release for sustained availability|
||Liquid applications can be stabilized with Bio Release to prevent tie up in the soil and maintain plant availability through the growing season.|
Foliars and Fertility
Note: Foliars and fertilizers can be applied in stages throughout the growth cycle, but all nutrition must be applied prior to stem elongation. After stem elongation is too late.
Step 6: Apply foliar for trace elements and/or special needs at tillering.
The foliar application provides much-needed trace elements that help activate all the plant systems and produce the necessary compounds for successful dormancy and Spring emergence. It can also give an extra Nitrogen boost that is absorbed straight into the plant. Go to our Foliar section to learn more about our foliar technology and solutions. This nutrients in the foliar help the plants retain yield that would otherwise be lost due to lack of key micro nutrients.
2-3 gallons liquid N
|Mix in 15-20 gallons of water and apply at tillering. The foliar nitrogen is immediately available, giving the plant a boost. The Molybdenum helps the plants better utilize the available and applied nitrogen.|
Step 7: Apply ongoing fertilizer to complete remaining nutritional needs.
Apply remaining fertilizer (N-P-K-S) as needed, based on the soil reports and yield targets. Fertilizer can be injected, broadcast, or applied through the pivot, but all nutrition should be applied prior to stem elongation. As Nitrogen is applied through the growing season, you can apply up to two more ounces of Molybdenum (not to exceed a total of 4 oz) to enhance utilization efficiency.
Step 8: After harvest, apply Microbial Mineral Tea to digest residue and prepare soils for next season.
The Microbial Mineral Tea reinforces the soil microbes and provides greater diversity to promote better residue decomposition as well as add more available nutrition to support the soil microbial populations through the winter season. The decomposed residue cycles nutrition that will then be available for the next crops and the increased microbial populations work to improve the health, texture, and performance of the soil. Learn more about our Microbial Mineral Tea here.